438,317 sq km
million (July 2008 est.)
Basra, Mosul, Kirkuk.
Arabic is the official language, while some 15% of the population
speak Kurdish. English and French are widely used in business.
$55.44 billion (2007 est.)
GDP per capita
$3,600 (2007 est.)
$25.66 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
The summer is very hot; the July average for Baghdad is 35įC,
but this can exceed 40įC.
The north is cooler. Winters are cold with Baghdad frequently seeing
frost. In the north one can expect snow while the south is much