Area: 738,000 sq km
Population: 9.6 million
Principal Towns: Merca, Kisimayu, Berbera, Hargeisa.
Languages: Somali and Arabic are the official languages but English
and Italian are widely spoken in many towns.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.575 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $600 (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2.6% (2007 est.)
Climate: Tropical. Hot and dry inland and humid along the coast.
Average temperature 27 degrees C to 32 degrees C. The higher
altitudes of the north are generally cooler, although Mogadishu has
the cooling south-east monsoon from June to October. There is little
rainfall anywhere in the country.