Area: 2,505,813 sq km
Population: 40.2 million (July 2008 est.)
Principal Towns: Omdurman, Port Sudan, Attbara, Wadi Madani, El
Languages: Arabic is the official language and is generally used in
business throughout the country. English is often used in academic
and business circles. African languages include Nilotic and
Nilo-Hamatic. Sudan has some 100 languages.
Gross Domestic Product: $49.71 billion (2007 est.)
GDP per capita: $1'186
International Reserves: $1.378 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Climate: Temperatures are generally high throughout the year,
reaching more than 38 degrees C in Khartoum in May and June.
February and March are the hottest months in the south, where the
annual average temperature is 30 degrees C.