Switzerland

Essential Information   

          

Area: 41,293 sq km

Population: 8'824 millions (2021)

Capital: Berne

Principal Towns: The conurbations of Zurich, Basel, Geneva, Lausanne, Lucerne and Winterthur have populations of over 100,000 inhabitants.

Languages: German, French, Italian and Romansch are the official languages. English is widely spoken, particularly in business and commerce.

Gross Domestic Product: $748 billion (2020 est.) (PPP)

GDP per capita (Nominal): $86,601 (2020 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP): $68 393 (2020 est.)

International reserves (of foreign exchange and gold): $1015 billion (April 2021 est.)

Unemployment rate : 4,8% (June 2020)

Climate: Switzerland's climate is a mixture of the major European climatic zones, due to the Alps, and is thus highly variable from place to place. Generally the summers are mild, about 25°C, and the winters cool at about 5°C.

 

 

Demography

Population: 8'670'300 (2020)

Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%

Men: 49.6 %

Woman: 50.4 %

Age Distribution (2020):

0-19 years: 19.9%

20-39 years: 26.3%

40-64 years: 35%

65 years and over: 18.8%

Population Growth: 0.7% (2020)

Education: Of total population 99,9% age 15 and over can read and write.

Visa requirements: Most valid passports are recognized by the Swiss authorities for business or leisure or visits; For more details, please contact the Swiss embassy before departure but we will soon have  the details for every country.